JONES, THOMAS JESSE (1873 - 1950), educationalist, statistician, and sociologist

Name: Thomas Jesse Jones
Date of birth: 1873
Date of death: 1950
Gender: Male
Occupation: educationalist, statistician, and sociologist
Area of activity: Education
Author: William Llewelyn Davies

Born 4 August 1873 in Llanfachraeth, Anglesey, he emigrated at the age of 11 to the U.S.A. with his widowed mother, a brother, and two sisters, the family settling in Ohio with relatives.

He went to the Universities of Washington and Lee (Virginia) and Columbia (New York), graduating M.A. and Ph.D.; he was also B.D. of the Union Theological Seminary. For seven years he was at the Hampton Institute, Virginia, one of the pioneer colleges for Black students and it was there that he began to take the special interest in the education of African-Americans and Africans which characterised his life's work. After transferring to the United States Census Bureau he specialised in statistics relating to the Black population.

In 1913 he began an investigation for the U.S. Bureau of Education and the Phelp-Stokes Fund; this resulted in two important volumes being published by the Bureau under the title Negro Education in the United States. One result of his experience with Y.M.C.A. work for Black soldiers during World War I was the leading part he took in the formation of the Commission of Inter-Racial Cooperation after that war. He led two educational commissions to Africa which were undertaken by the Phelps-Stokes Fund at the request of British and American Missionary Societies and with the cooperation of the Colonial Office.

The report on education in West, South and Equatorial Africa, published in 1922, led to the Colonial Office requesting him to make a similar study in East Africa; the report published in 1925 covered Kenya, Uganda, Tanganyika, Northern and Southern Rhodesia, and Ethiopia (as they were then known). As a result of these reports the Colonial Education Department was set up. A dinner in honour of Jesse Jones was given by the British Government in 1925 at Lancaster House, London.

Besides his work over 33 years for the Phelps-Stokes Fund, Jones undertook educational inquiries in Liberia (one result of this was the establishment of the Booker Washington Institute at Kakata); he also went to Greece and the Far East on behalf of the Near-East Foundation. In 1932 he was Carnegie Foundation lecturer in the universities of South Africa whilst in 1937 he headed a commission which studied the Indigenous Diné (Navajo) people in America. His educational theories are described by him in two books, Four Essentials of Education, 1926, and Essentials of Civilization.

He died early in 1950 at his home in New York.


Published date: 2001

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