He stood five generations from Hywel Dda and was second cousin in the senior line to Rhys ap Tewdwr. When Gruffudd ap Llywelyn fell in 1063, the old dynasty was restored under his leadership. His reign coincides with the first impact of the Norman conquest on South Wales. After a brief and unequal struggle, he acquiesced in the conquest of the border lands of Gwent and was rewarded by grants of land in England. This was in 1070. Two years later he was killed by a fellow prince fighting on the banks of the Rhymney. He left one son, Gruffudd, who lived in exile on his father's English manors until killed attempting to regain his patrimony from Rhys ap Tewdwr.
Published date: 1959
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