Born 13 September 1820 at Llanystumdwy, Caernarfonshire; son of a member of the band on H.M.S. Victory who was awarded the Trafalgar medal. In 1826 the parents, who gave their son a good education, settled at Llangollen. Taliesin followed the trade of plumber and decorator; many inn-signs were painted by him. He mastered cynghanedd in his early youth, and his strict-metre poems have proved to be the best-known of his works. He became a leading eisteddfodic figure. His 'Brwydr Crogen' is a very early example of a Welsh metrical play. He sent in an awdl to the Wrexham national eisteddfod, 1876, but died 1 June, and the chair awarded for his poem was ceremonially draped in black on the eisteddfod stage - that is why he is best remembered as 'Bardd y Gadair Ddu' (The Bard of the Black Chair).
Published date: 1959
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