According to the ‘The Situ Brecheniauc’ Wade-Evans, vitae Sanctorum Britanniae et Genealogiae, 313-5) and ‘Cognacio Brychan’ (op. cit., 315-8), Keyne was one of the saintly daughters of Brychan Brycheiniog.
Her legend is told in the summary ‘Life’ of S. Keyne, compiled in the mid-14th cent. by John of Teignmouth from an unknown original. S. Keyne, despising marriage and thus winning the appellation ‘Cein-wyry’ (‘Keyne the virgin’), [often shortened to ‘Ceinwr’ and ‘Gaynor’ — or again ‘Ceinwen’ i.e. ‘Cain the holy’], departed from her native region and settled at a place, now Keynsham, in Somerset, where she lived a hermit's life. After many years, she returned to South Wales and established a monastery at a place not identified with certainty, but perhaps Llangeinor in Glamorgan. The ‘Life’ states that she was buried by S. Cadoc.
S. Keyne is the patroness of Llangeinor, and her name is remembered in Llan-gain and Capel Cain Wyry (parish of Talley) in Carmarthenshire, in Llangeinwen in Anglesey, and perhaps in Machen, Mon. Other churches named after her occur in Herefordshire, Somerset, and Cornwall. Her festival is celebrated usually on 8 October.
[Avoid confusing Keyne (Cain) with Canna, another female saint (Br. S.S. ii, 69-71). Llan-gain (Carms.) derives from S. Keyne, but Llan-gan (Glam.) and Canton (Cardiff) from S. Canna.]
Published date: 1959
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