ADDA FRAS (1240? - 1320?), poet and writer of prophecies

Name: Adda Fras
Date of birth: 1240?
Date of death: 1320?
Gender: Male
Occupation: poet and writer of prophecies
Area of activity: Literature and Writing; Poetry; Religion
Author: Raymond Wallis Evans

According to John Davies and Thomas Stephens, he flourished about 1240. He is referred to in Peniarth MS 94 (26) and Llanstephan MS. 119 (82), as living about 1038, and contemporary with Goronwy Ddu o Fôn. But in G. P. Jones, Anglesey Court Rolls, 1346, 37, 39, mention is made of 'the son of Adda Fras ' and 'the suit of Goronwy Ddu, attorney for the community of the township of Porthgir.' In Dafydd ap Gwilym a'i gyfoeswyr 156 he is associated by Gruffudd Gryg (c. 1340 - 1412) with Casnodyn (c. 1290 - 1340). The years 1240 - 1320, therefore, would not be far wrong as the period of his life. He was buried in Maenan Abbey, near Conway, an abbey founded in 1186 (Gwaith Tudur Aled, i, 83). According to Llanstephan MS. 133 (617), his bardic teacher was Wmbar.

Later poets in the elegies which they wrote to each other often refer to him not only as a writer of prophecies, but as a past master in the poet's craft (see Peniarth MS 94 and Gwaith Tudur Aled, ii, 743), and especially Tudur Aled's elegy (Gwaith Tudur Aled, i, 283) to Dafydd ab Edmwnd. Comparatively little of his work has survived. It is impossible to state with certainty, at present, how much of it is authentic, as some of it is attributed to other writers.


Published date: 1959

Article Copyright:

The Dictionary of Welsh Biography is provided by The National Library of Wales and the University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh and Celtic Studies. It is free to use and does not receive grant support. A donation would help us maintain and improve the site so that we can continue to acknowledge Welsh men and women who have made notable contributions to life in Wales and beyond.

Find out more on our sponsorship page.